Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Renaissance. Library has v. only. Library’s v. 1 has hand-colored ill. prepared as a presentation copy for Gesner who has signed the title page inscription.

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Historiae animalium

There was extreme religious tension at the time Historia animalium came out. Retrieved from ” https: Gesner was, instead, raised by his great-uncle because of economic hardship of his own family, which, however, might have brought up his interest in natural study, as his great-uncle Frick was passionate about botany. Conrad Gessner’s ‘Historia animalium’: It also included their uses in medicine and nutrition.

Born in Zurich, linguist, naturalist, and botanist Conrad Gesner spelled variously in different locations and publications, often Konrad Gesner or Hisgoriae Gessner dedicated his time to amassing an enormous library and collecting information on the natural world.

He then adds his own observations, and those of his correspondents, in an attempt to formulate aninalium comprehensive description of the natural history of animals. Cultures of Natural History. In his larger geaner Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions, [4] and so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indiesthose of the far north and animals brought back from the New World.

Historiae Animalium | ODD SALON

After his animlium of nature and medicine, and after collected books and botanical, zoological specimens, he studied and investigated nature and science. He likely used other illustrators as well as himself; [3] the book is however famous for copying cobrad from other sources, including Durer’s Rhinoceros from a well-known woodcut.


The generously illustrated work was so popular that Gessner’s abridgement, Thierbuch “Animal Book”was published in Zurich inand in England Edward Topsell translated and condensed it as a Historie of foure-footed beastes London: It included Biblical and classical sources, referenced both Pliny and Physiologus, as well as folklore and earlier bestiaries.

Sections of each chapter detailed the animal and its attributes, in the tradition of the emblem book. The book has five volumes in total; the first voulme on four-footed beasts, the second volume gwsner egg-laying quadrupeds, the third volume on birds, the fourth on aquatic animals, and the last volume that was published after Gesner death on serpents. Historia animalium “History of the Animals”published at Zurich in —58 andjistoriae an encyclopedic “inventory of renaissance zoology” by Conrad Gessner — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

It is compiled from ancient and medieval texts, including the inherited knowledge of ancient naturalists like AristotlePliny the Elder[1] and Aelian. Most importantly, he was concerned with precise identification.

Collection of scanned pages from volumes of Historaie Naturaiumsome colorized — National Library of Medicine. Although monsters are not all not confined to Book IV, the fourth book dedicated to creatures of the sea includes many wonderful scenes of sea serpents and terrifying whale monsters attacking ships and sailors, including one of the most famous images from this work is his woodcut of the Great Orm, a Scandinavian sea monster most likely histooriae from the Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus.

Historia animalium libri I-IV. A Celebration of Philadelphia Libraries: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Historiae Animalium. Jardine, Secord; et al.

Natural History in Renaissance Europe. His historiwe was the first to present fossil illustrations so students may more easily recognize objects that cannot be very clearly described in words. Science and the Secrets of Nature: German books German encyclopedias Encyclopedias of science Zoology books books books books books books s in science s in science in science in science 16th century in science 16th-century encyclopedias 16th-century Latin books.


He was particularly enthusiastic about plant life and fossils, and eventually published 72 works, but was always planning for bigger and better works. Born in Zurich, Switzerland,Conrad Gesner was not a son of a wealthy family.

Gessner, Conrad ; et al. It described in detail their daily habits and movements.

Historiae Animalium

Gessner’s work included facts in different hiatoriae such as the names of the animals. When he died of the plague inhe left behind mountains of specimens and unfinished works. Library Company of Phil, Steven Retrieved 29 November Under Pope Paul IV it was felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings, [9] and as Gessner was a Protestantit was added to the Catholic Church’s list of prohibited books.

He attended a shool where classical languages were taught, and later on to a school of theological study, which have been a basis of his grand work Historiae Animalium. Topsell, Edward,; Gessner, Konrad; et al.

William Jaggard Essays in Interpretation.

Trinity College – Conrad Gesner’s Animals

It was more than 4, pages long, divided into four volumes covering, respectively, four-footed animals, amphibians, birds, and fishes and other aquatic animals. Conrad Gessner’s “Historia Animalium”: Gessner acknowledges one of his main illustrators was Lucas Schan[8] an artist from Strasbourg. The colored woodcut illustrations were the first real attempts to represent animals in their natural environment. Stephen Jay Gould W. Gmelig-Nijboer, Caroline Aleid