WHY WAS THE NATIVE LAND HUSBANDRY ACT OF FOLLOWED BY RESISTENCE AND UNGOVERNABILITY AMONG THE AFRICANS? The Native. The Native Land Husbandry Act of Southern Rhodesia: a failure in land reform. Responsibility: by Mary Elizabeth Bulman. Imprint: Salisbury: Tribal Areas of. land allocation, , , , , , management, pests Agenda 83, 87 Native Land Husbandry Act, (Zimbabwe), , natural world.

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For Takura Zhangazha, huwbandry “No” vote “was the most serious non-partisan indictment of a sitting government since Zimbabwe’s independence in “. Nevertheless, while it is true that issues of land were central to the constitutional referendum ofthe politics surrounding the continued rule of Basically, institutionalised customary tenure was deemed to be communal and excluded individual rights.

Zimbabwe Farming News Magazine, 65, 17, 27 Aprilp 1. I’ll be really very grateful. This is also called “freedom ploughing” i.

Zimbabwe – The Native Land Husbandry Act,

No registered users and 9 guests. M, Africans on Land. Zimbabwe 1951zimbabew Climate Britannica. It was noted that the majority of arable areas in the reserves was so eroded and exhausted of fertility that they needed about twelve to fifteen years rest in order to restore them to a state of structure and fertility which would enable economic crop production to commence.

Some invasions were ruthlessly suppressed but the latest wave seemed to be condoned. Madiro Village is also known as Kufa or Chomupinyi Village. Dit vereis dat verskeie belanghebbendes hulle moet losmaak van geykte houdings en weerstand teen ‘n benadering wat op regte gebaseer is en een volg wat op grondhervorming toegespits is.

This study of Sanyati area clearly indicates that the land question did not beign in In the Gowe Scheme despite the determination of the smallholder irrigators to use the environment created by independence to improve their yields, their efforts were frequently hampered by the perennial cultivation of very small plots including lack of rights and the omnipresent influence of the ARDA Estate.

Since most of the schemes were introduced in low-altitude and low-rainfall areas, the initial justification for government aid to smallholder irrigation up to the end of the s was famine relief or food security.


In the s, the government of independent Zimbabwe implemented several resettlement programmes. In Sanyati, these were among the many peasants who had challenged the eight-acre allocations per household.

Overall, this paper has demonstrated that inclinations towards land procurement by land-hungry people were not unique to Sanyati; neither should they be equated exclusively to the circumstances of the land invasions. Thus, the irrigators just like the dryland communal farmers in the surrounding area, used many inventing ways of accessing more land.

Indeed, “Women worked the land, but had no say as to what should be planted or sold”. White people in Zimbabwe – Wikipedia ; Large-scale White emigration to Rhodesia did not begin until after the Second World War, and at its peak in the lates Rhodesia’s white population consisted of as many asAs already indicated, some people from Gowe took part in the invasion of the Estate at the beginning of the s.

They were then forced to leave ARDA property. Fundamentally, these pieces of legislation, which were synonymous with the South African apartheid policy of separate development, significantly deprived indigenous inhabitants of prime agricultural land and increased insecurity of tenure. As a result, the indigenous people felt that their wealth was being reduced by the settlers and decided to resist the NLHA.

It is important to understand the dynamics of land reform over a long period to appreciate what informs recent developments and the spontaneous demands for land and land rights. During the war and with the introduction of cotton insome Gowe tenants were also reluctant to provide labour and concentrated on their own plots despite of the fact that the small-scale scheme was meant to be the estate’s labour repository.

An additional telephonic interview was conducted with A. At the same time, another agricultural extension organisation, DEVAG, was responsible for communal area extension. Gazi says that because he was a nephew of Chief Wozhele, he cultivated about eighteen acres, 78 ten acres more than the standard allocation, illustrating how rife and uncontrollable madiro ploughing was, especially among people with chiefly connections.


The implications of Zimbabwe’s land struggles in the new millennium are therefore far-reaching in their scope and nature, not only for the country but for the entire sub-region. Rural populations in 1951zijbabwe now have diminished access to land and water resources largely because of evictions and local food production has been seriously undermined.

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The full text of one of his warnings read: Gender and Land Ownership in Zimbabwean Literature: Herbst glosses over clamours for land and associated land-allocative processes in ARDA-type irrigation settlements. The activities of this period marked the relocation of people to what were known as “minda mirefu” long or big fields that had been bought by the government for resettlement.

Given the very low rainfall in the area and the fact that it was not well endowed with fertile soils, the allocation of limited acreage per family was staunchly resisted. In competition with the smallholder farmers, ARDA also laid claim to vacant holdings.

The name “rising stars” was coined by Mjoli who occupies one of the vacant plots that he was given unofficially by his father upon marriage.

African Bureau,pp Friis-Hansen, Seeds for African Peasants. Sanyati irrigation agriculture during UDI The inception of a pilot Smallholder Irrigation Scheme at Gowe inamong other UDI policies, was designed to alleviate landhunger for the rural peasantry, particularly those with master farmer certification, most of whom were involved in cotton farming. At Gowe, for example, each farmer was given between two and four hectares when they would have preferred ten ha 25 acres or more.

It also includes other arrangements alternative to distribution of land such as production or profit sharing, labour organisation or distribution of shares of stock.